Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a science devoted to the understanding and improvement of human behaviour
What is ABA
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a science devoted to the understanding and improvement of human behaviour. Applied behaviour analyst focuses on objectively defined behaviours of social significance. (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007).
Today, Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism and related disorders. Applications of ABA are providing substantial improvements in the lives of children and young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental delays.
ABA programmes are used at home and/or in schools to teach:
- receptive and expressive language,
- employment and life skills.
for children and young adults with autism & related conditions and other developmental disabilities / delays including learning difficulties, comprehensive skill deficiencies and linguistic difficulties.
There are a lot of studies have showed that many children with autism and related disorders experience significant improvements in learning, communication and facilitate achievement when they engage in high-quality ABA programs. Especially some pre-schoolers who engaged early intensive behavioural intervention for two or more years can able to take part in integration placement in mainstream schools.
Each individual /child has very unique and specific needs and skills. ABA-based teaching strategies and methods provide specifically designed programmes.
These programmes break down from complex skills into simple, easy-to-follow teaching steps known as Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT). Each programme has written an explanation of the teaching procedure.
The therapist use the best scientifically based teaching strategies, such as Verbal Behaviour (VB), Pivotal Response Training (PRT), Natural Environment Training (NET), Precision Teaching (PT), functional communication training and any other data-based, empirically validated treatment strategies to teach the student through in one to one session.
Data is collected on responses made by the student to determine the progress being made. When thought skills are learnt, new learning skill items will be added to teach.
 Applied Behaviour Analysis. Cooper, J.O., Heron, T.E. & Heward, W.L., 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2007. Applied Behaviour Analysis provides a complete description of the principles and procedures needed to systematically change socially significant behaviour and to understand the reasons for that change.
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